Table.

Differences Between Child and Adult Learning

ChildrenAdults
Context• Dependent on others• Independent of others
• Learning is main job• Learning is one of many jobs
• Need generalized skills• Need situation-specific skills
Learner• Requires direction• Self-directed
• External motivation• Internal motivation
• Application to general problems• Application to relevant problems
Learning process• Pace of learning dependent on teacher• Pace of learning dependent on competing demands
• Tasks are not always obviously meaningful• Tasks must be meaningful
• External motivation required to learn• Internal motivation required to learn