Table 1.

Morbidities Associated With Cerebral Palsy

  • Cognitive impairments

  • Epilepsy: 20% to 40% of patients

  • Behavior problems: 5 times more likely in children who have CP

  • Pain

  • Weakness

  • Speech impairment: up to 80% of patients

  • Low visual acuity: up to 75% of all children who have CP

  • Gastrointestinal and feeding problems: 50% of children who have CP

  • Dental caries

  • Developmental enamel defects

  • Gingival health, tooth wear, oral mucosal health, and malocclusion problems

  • Swallowing dysfunctions and dysarthria symptoms

  • Stunted growth: 25% of children who have CP

  • Under- or overweight problems: 50% of children