Table 2.

Characteristic Risk Factors Associated With Cerebral Palsy Prevalence Rates

Increased Prevalence
  • Deprived socioeconomic populations

  • Male sex

  • Racial disparity: In the United States, prevalence highest among African American males

  • Preterm premature rupture of membranes

  • Low Apgar scores

  • Perinatal asphyxia

  • Multiple gestation

  • Intrauterine infections

  • Chorioamnionitis

  • Mechanical ventilation >7 d

Decreased Prevalence
  • Preeclampsia

  • Antenatal magnesium sulphate therapy

  • Antenatal corticosteriods

  • Caffeine: neonatal therapy